ŞEHİR e-arşiv

A conceptual history of ulus in the context of nation-building and language policies in Turkey

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dc.contributor.advisor Kırmızı, Abdülhamit
dc.contributor.author Turgut, Üveys Mücahit
dc.date.accessioned 2018-04-12T13:44:05Z
dc.date.available 2018-04-12T13:44:05Z
dc.date.issued 2018-04-12
dc.date.submitted 2017
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11498/51975
dc.description.abstract In this thesis, I examine the historical adventure of the concept of ulus, which came to be used as the counterpart of "nation" in the language reform process in Turkey in the 1930s, based on the theoretical approach to conceptual history pioneered by Reinhart Koselleck. The study examines Turkish political life and identity construction through conceptual history and language nationalism. In this thesis, I explain different types of language politics and their role in the process of nationalization in France, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire. I discuss the changing sense of identity during the Milli Mücadele period and the Republican period of Turkey, and the new Turkish identity that started to be produced at the end of the 1920s. I narrate the language reform process in parallel with the Turkish history thesis and discuss the new secular Turkish identity in the process of nationalization. I begin by offering a short conceptual history of the term millet, after which I explain the etymology of the term ulus, the use of the term until the 13th century, and the changing meaning of the term in the Ottoman world over time. In doing so, I draw from etymological dictionaries, epics, inscriptions, ancient Turkish works, works of the TDK (Turkish Language Association), and newspapers. I discuss the struggle between the use of the terms ulus, millet, and budun and the process whereby the former term came to dominate. I describe the use of the concept of ulus in different circles. I explain in detail and with examples that the difference between ulus and millet was the result of an ideological divide. I also show how the concepts have become ideological symbols, particularly in terms of the differences between milliyetçilik and ulusalcılık en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents Abstract ....................................................................................................................... iv Öz ................................................................................................................................ vi Acknowledgements ...................................................................................................... ix Table of Contents .........................................................................................................xi List of Tables ............................................................................................................... xiii List of Abbreviations .................................................................................................. xiv CHAPTERS 1. INTRODUCTION: ON CONCEPTUAL HISTORY AND ITS IMPORTANCE ...................... 1 1.1. Literature and Research Sources ....................................................................... 9 1.2. Outline of Chapters ......................................................................................... 13 2. THE FICTION OF A ZEITGEIST: NATIONALISM AND LANGUAGE POLITICS .............. 15 2.1. From Natio to Nation: on the Genealogy of a Concept................................... 16 2.2. The Politicization of the Concept .................................................................... 20 2.3. Language as a Pillar of the Nation State .......................................................... 21 2.4. Types of Language Policy and Examples ......................................................... 25 2.4.1. France ....................................................................................................... 29 2.4.2. Germany ................................................................................................... 31 2.5. Language Planning and the Ottoman Experience ........................................... 33 3. BUILDING A NATION: FROM MILLET TO ULUS ....................................................... 41 3.1. The Milli Mücadele and religious borders of the Turkish identity .................. 41 3.1.1. Turkishness until the Establishment of the Republic ............................... 42 3.2. The Establishment and Secularization of the Republic ................................... 48 3.3. Transition to ethno-secular nationalism; from Millet to Ulus......................... 56 3.3.1. The instrumentalization of history for the new identity .......................... 56 3.3.2. Language Movements in the Light of the History Thesis ......................... 62 3.4. Politization of a Religious Term; History of Millet ........................................... 72 3.5. Resuscitation of a Term: Variable History of Ulus ........................................... 75 3.4.1. Etymology of the Term ............................................................................. 76 3.4.2. Ottoman Usage of the Term ..................................................................... 78 3.4.3. A Concept in Operating Room: The Revitalization of Ulus ....................... 81 4. ULUS IN CONTEMPORARY USAGE .......................................................................... 90 4.1. Being of Two Minds; Ulus, Millet, Budun ........................................................ 92 4.2. Two Types of Nationalisms: Ulusçuluk and Milliyetçilik .................................. 95 4.3. Ulusalcılık ......................................................................................................... 98 5. CONCLUSION ........................................................................................................ 104 References ................................................................................................................ 113 Appendix .................................................................................................................. 125 en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US
dc.subject Nation-State en_US
dc.subject Nation-Building en_US
dc.subject National Identity--Turkey en_US
dc.subject Language Policy en_US
dc.subject Ulus Devlet en_US
dc.subject Ulus İnşası en_US
dc.subject Ulusal Kimlik--Türkiye en_US
dc.subject Dil Politikası en_US
dc.title A conceptual history of ulus in the context of nation-building and language policies in Turkey en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.contributor.department İstanbul Şehir University. Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences. Modern Turkish Studies. en_US


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