ŞEHİR e-arşiv

Turkish ethos of the Kurdish questions:a case study on the Turkish society in Thrace-Tekirdağ

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Köse, Talha
dc.contributor.author Orhan, Yunus Emre
dc.date.accessioned 2016-10-05T08:26:37Z
dc.date.available 2016-10-05T08:26:37Z
dc.date.issued 2016-03-24
dc.date.submitted 2016-09-09
dc.identifier.citation Orhan, Yunus Emre. Turkish ethos of the Kurdish questions:a case study on the Turkish society in Thrace-Tekirdağ. advisior by Talha Köse. İstanbul : İstanbul Şehir Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, 2016. en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11498/34456
dc.description Tezin basılısı İstanbul Şehir Üniversitesi Kütüphanesi'ndedir. en_US
dc.description.abstract This thesis makes use of the Ethos of Conflict (EOC) theory to analyze the resistance of the Turkish society to change in the sense of the Kurdish question. It assumes that in the course of conflict both members of the parties involved in the conflict develop a socio-psychological infrastructure (SPI) to adapt the conflict and without transformation within the SPI, building peace is not completely possible. In the light of this extensive theoretical framework, the fundamental hypothesis of this thesis was formulated, as there are some shared beliefs in the Turkish society in terms of the Kurdish question leading to resistance to change. To explore this hypothesis, 20 field interviews with local opinion leaders were personally conducted in Tekirdağ, a periphery zone of the Kurdish conflict. The thesis starts with the development of the theoretical framework of the study. Then it provides a mapping of the Kurdish question. This is respectively followed by the analysis of the content of the EOC with respect to the Kurdish question, the functionality of the EOC, and the functionality of the SPI. Finally, I discuss the limitations of the thesis and the recommendations for further research regarding the need for change in the Turkish ethos. en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents ABSTRACT ................................................................................................................ iv ÖZ ................................................................................................................................ v ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ......................................................................................... vii TABLE OF CONTENTS .......................................................................................... viii LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS ..................................................................................... xi LIST OF TABLES .................................................................................................... xiii LIST OF FIGURES .................................................................................................. xiv INTRODUCTION ....................................................................................................... 1 Purpose of the Research ........................................................................................... 1 The Research and its Contributions to the Field ...................................................... 3 Overview .................................................................................................................. 3 CHAPTERS 1. MAPPING OF THE KURDISH QUESTION ......................................................... 5 1.1. Conflict History ................................................................................................. 5 1.1.1. Brief Early History (Until 1923) ................................................................ 5 1.1.2. Formation of Republic of Turkey (1923 – 1938) – Radicalization and Rebellions Period ................................................................................................. 6 1.1.3. Silence Period (1938-61) ............................................................................ 7 1.1.4. Restoration of the Problematic (1961-1978) .............................................. 8 1.1.5. Foundation of the PKK, Propaganda, and Armed Conflict (1978-1989) . 10 1.1.6. Deep Armed Conflict (1989-1999) .......................................................... 11 1.1.7. The Capture of Abdullah Ocalan and The Ceasefire Period (1999–2004) ............................................................................................................................ 12 1.1.8. PKK Back to the Stage (2004–2012) ....................................................... 13 1.1.9. Peace Process between 2012-2015 and the Current Situation ................. 13 1.2. Core Issues of the Conflict .............................................................................. 14 1.3. Parties in the Conflict and Peace Initiatives .................................................... 15 1.3.1. Parties in The Conflict .............................................................................. 15 1.3.1.1. The PKK (Partiya Karkeren Kurdistane, Kurdistan Workers Party) 15 1.3.1.2. Turkish Armed Forces (TSK) ........................................................... 17 1.3.1.3. The Government and Politicians ....................................................... 17 1.3.2. Conflict Resolution Strategies of the Turkish State and Peace Initiatives 18 1.3.2.1. The TSK and Its Strategies to Resolve the Conflict.......................... 18 1.3.2.1.1. The Village Guard System ......................................................... 18 1.3.2.1.2. Internal Displacements ............................................................... 19 1.3.2.1.3. Cross-Border Operations ............................................................ 19 1.3.2.2. The Turkish Government and its Strategies to Resolve the Conflict or Peace Initiatives ............................................................................................. 19 1.3.2.2.1. Kurdish/Democratic Opening .................................................... 26 1.3.2.2.2. Peace Process ............................................................................. 26 1.3.2.2.3. Wise Persons Commission (WPC) ............................................. 26 1.3.2.2.4. Davutoglu Period ........................................................................ 27 2. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK ......................................................................... 28 2.1. Introduction ..................................................................................................... 28 2.2. Defining the Concept of Conflict .................................................................... 28 2.3. Defining Peace as a Public Process ................................................................. 31 2.4. Socio-psychological Infrastructure ................................................................. 35 2.5. The Ethos of Conflict Theory.......................................................................... 39 2.6. Conclusion ....................................................................................................... 42 3. METHODOLOGY ................................................................................................. 44 3.1. Scope of the Research ..................................................................................... 44 3.2. Methodology of the Research ......................................................................... 45 3.3. Limitations of the Research ............................................................................. 47 4. DATA ANALYSIS ................................................................................................ 49 4.1. Introduction ..................................................................................................... 49 4.2. Findings ........................................................................................................... 49 4.2.1. Collective Memory (CM) ......................................................................... 49 4.2.2. .. Shared Beliefs about the Justness of the TG and De-legitimization of the KG ...................................................................................................................... 52 4.2.3. Shared Beliefs about Security .................................................................. 58 4.2.4. .... Shared Beliefs about a Positive Collective Self-Image and Image of the Opponent ............................................................................................................ 60 4.2.5. Shared Beliefs about In-Group Victimization .......................................... 63 4.2.6. Shared Beliefs about Patriotism ............................................................... 66 4.2.7. Shared Beliefs about Unity ...................................................................... 66 4.2.8. Shared Beliefs about Peace ...................................................................... 70 4.3. Discussion ....................................................................................................... 75 4.4. Need for Change .............................................................................................. 81 4.5. Implications ..................................................................................................... 86 CONCLUSION .......................................................................................................... 89 Recommendations .................................................................................................. 91 REFERENCES ........................................................................................................... 93 APPENDICES ......................................................................................................... 103 A. IN-DEPTH INTERVIEW QUESTIONS ........................................................ 103 B. PARTICIPANTS OF THE INTERVIEWS ..................................................... 104 en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher İstanbul Şehir University. Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences. en_US
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US
dc.subject Kurdish Question--Turkey en_US
dc.subject Ethos of Conflict en_US
dc.subject Conflict Management--Turkey en_US
dc.subject Kürt Sorunu--Türkiye en_US
dc.subject Çatışma Etosu en_US
dc.subject Çatışma Yönetimi--Türkiye en_US
dc.title Turkish ethos of the Kurdish questions:a case study on the Turkish society in Thrace-Tekirdağ en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.contributor.department İstanbul Şehir University. Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences. Political Science and International Relations. en_US


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search ŞEHİR e-arşiv


Advanced Search

Browse

My Account

Statistics